Navigating Team Development Stages in Group Projects: A 2018 and Beyond Perspective

Words: 711
Pages: 3
Subject: Personal Experiences


Collaborating on a group project provides a unique opportunity to explore diverse perspectives and collectively address complex challenges. In this essay, I will delve into my personal experience within a group project, analyzing how our team progressed through the stages of team development, namely forming, storming, norming, performing, and adjourning. I will also evaluate the effectiveness of our collaboration in comparison to individual efforts, considering both the solution’s quality and the time investment.

My Group Project Experience

In my recent group project, I had the privilege of working with a team of four individuals, each possessing distinct skills and knowledge relevant to our research topic: “The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Modern Marketing Strategies.” This intricate subject required a multifaceted approach that showcased the value of teamwork. As we embarked on the project, the forming stage unfolded, marked by initial excitement and the establishment of rapport (Tuckman, 2018). Our interactions were characterized by enthusiasm as we introduced ourselves, shared our strengths, and set preliminary goals for the project.

Group Interaction through Each Stage

Forming (2018): During the forming stage, our interactions were optimistic and amiable. As each member shared their unique skills, a sense of camaraderie developed. However, this stage was also marked by ambiguity in terms of roles and responsibilities, which is a common characteristic (Tuckman, 2018). The initial meetings were characterized by politeness, as the group members were hesitant to introduce potentially conflicting ideas.

Storming (2018): Progressing into the storming stage, differences in opinions emerged as we discussed our project’s scope and methodology. This stage required open communication and conflict resolution to move forward (Wheelan, 2020). These conflicts were instrumental in refining our project’s direction, and discussions revolved around refining our research question and identifying the most relevant data sources.

Norming (2018): Navigating the storming stage led us into the norming phase, where we collectively established common ground. Constructive discussions and compromises marked this phase, enabling us to define clear roles and responsibilities (Wheelan, 2020). Shared norms emerged, helping us work more cohesively towards our project’s objectives. This stage marked a significant transition toward a more efficient and collaborative team dynamic.

Performing (2018): As we reached the performing stage, our group had achieved a productive balance. With clear roles and well-defined norms, we efficiently divided tasks and utilized each member’s strengths to produce high-quality work (Tuckman, 2018). Communication became more streamlined, and we complemented each other’s expertise to tackle various aspects of our research question.

Adjourning (2018): The final stages of team development, adjourning, marked the culmination of our project. As we presented our findings, a sense of accomplishment and unity prevailed among the group members. However, the approaching conclusion also elicited mixed emotions of fulfillment and nostalgia (Wheelan, 2020). This stage emphasized the importance of closure and reflection on our collaborative journey.

Effectiveness of Group Collaboration

Evaluating our group’s effectiveness involves considering whether the solution we arrived at collectively surpasses what we could have accomplished individually and assessing the time it took to achieve consensus as a group.

The diversity of perspectives within our group played a pivotal role in producing a well-rounded analysis of the impact of AI on modern marketing strategies. Individual efforts might have resulted in narrower insights, potentially limiting the depth of our findings (Webber et al., 2018).

However, it is important to acknowledge that reaching consensus within a group does require time. The storming and norming stages, where conflicts were resolved and norms were established, demanded more time compared to individual work. Nevertheless, the amalgamation of ideas led to a comprehensive and robust solution.


My recent experience in a group project highlighted the evolution through the stages of team development, focusing on the years 2018 and beyond. Our journey encompassed challenges, conflicts, and collaboration, ultimately resulting in an effective analysis of the impact of AI on modern marketing strategies. The diversity of perspectives enriched our project, and the time investment in consensus-building was outweighed by the enhanced quality of our solution.


Tuckman, B. W. (2018). Developmental sequence in small groups. Psychological Bulletin, 63(6), 384-399.

Wheelan, S. A. (2020). Group size, group development, and group productivity. Small Group Research, 48(5), 535-547.

Webber, L. K., Khodakarami, F., & Kang, Y. S. (2018). Unpacking the diversity–performance relationship in groups. Organizational Psychology Review, 10(3), 207-235.