Andrew architectural work is not experienced as a series of isolated retinal pictures, but in its full and integrated material, embodied and spiritual essence.
Architecture and the body are inextricably connected. We design architecture for the whole body, and we experience it through all of our senses. We can think of this connection in several ways. First, architecture is sound, touch, taste, sight, and movement. This haptic (all the senses) experience of architecture implies that the visual or the intellectual are not dominant. The architect Tadao Ando wrote: The philosophical alienation of the body from the mind has resulted in the absence of embodied experience from almost all contemporary theories of meaning in architecture. A second way of thinking about the body in architecture is through the work of theorists such as the 19th-century German philosopher Theodore Lipps, whose Empathy Theory framed the visual experience as the primary understanding of the tectonics of architecture. When we experience a structure, we feel the forces in the building in our own body.
For this paper, read the texts below, then select ONE of the following essay topics on which to relate the readings to your architectural experiences. The paper should be typed, 5-6 pages, 12-pt font, double-spaced, with 1-inch margins. The paper grade will be in two parts: content and style. Content is your thesis and how well you argue it, and style is the structure, grammar, and technical aspect of the paper, such as use of proper citations. Citations are footnotes or endnotes that give the source of the information, idea, or quote of someone other than the author. Paper is due FEBRUARY 25 in class and on Safe Assign.
Paper topic options: PICK ONE
1- Visit the Perez Art Museum Miami (PAMM) by the renowned firm Herzog and de Meuron and its adjacent park. When you are there, note how your senses are engaged in different ways. Move beyond a visual description to a haptic one. Does the building or space have a smell or taste? Is there a specific quality of the sound in one area or another? What are the effects of different materials, of greenery, of layers of enclosure?
You do not need to pay admission to experience the exterior of the building, the bookshop, caf, and the park, but if you choose to go inside the museum, it is free on the first Thursday of the month (10:00am-9:00pm) or with reduced admission for students during regular hours. PAMM is accessible by the Metromover at the Museum Park Station.
2- Analyze the texts you have been given in terms of how you, as an architect, think that architecture should be experienced in terms of the relationship of the body, its senses, and the mind.
3- Visit the PAMM building and Leon Kriers Glasgow Hall here at UMSOA, and look at them through the lens of empathy theory. How does your body read the tectonics of each building? How does each make your body feel? How do the buildings control movement through the spaces and how or where people gather? What is the influence of the materials and structure on the tectonic expression?
Ando, Tadao. Shintai and Space, in Architecture and Body, ed. Scott Marble, et al (New York: Rizzoli, 1988), np.
Frampton, Kenneth. Intimations of Tactility: Excerpts from a Fragmentary Polemic, with Dimitri Pikionis, Sentimental Topography, in Architecture and Body, ed. Scott Marble, et al (New York: Rizzoli, 1988), np. This is an unusual graphic layout where two essays are run concurrently.
Rasmussen, Steen Eiler. Contrasting Effects of Solids and Cavities, in Experiencing Architecture (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1959; reprint 1985), pp.56-82.
Pallasmaa, Juhani. The Eyes of the Skin: Architecture and the Senses (Chichester: Wiley & Sons). Available online through the University of Miami library
Note also that lectures by Pallasmaa are available here:
Each paper will receive two grades, one for Content and one for Style. The average of these two grades is the final grade for the paper.
-the formation of a thesis
-the ability and strength of arguing the thesis
-the use of appropriate examples and tying them to the thesis
-is there an introduction? A conclusion?
-grammar and punctuation
-proper use of citations
-proper use of architectural terminology
All citations should be footnotes or endnotes as per Chicago Manual of Style (not in the body of the text), and they should be accompanied by a bibliography of the works you studied.
The Chicago Manual of Style: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/home.htmlalso available online through the UM Library
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