Annotated Bibliography

Project 1: Annotated Bibliography

For your final project in this course you will be asked to trace a crime or criminal incident through the adult criminal justice system, from initial arrest to eventual return to the community following incarceration. In the course of that project you will encounter numerous decision points or stages in the system. These would be ideal points in your final project paper to expound on your familiarity with these critical topics/stages and support that information with a cited outside source. Project 1will assist you prepare for your final project by introducing you to topic research. You may then use the results of this project to support your final project paper.

Project 1 Assignment:

Using one of the possible topics listed below, you will prepare an annotated bibliography.

What is an Annotated Bibliography?

· A bibliography is a list of books, articles, and documents. (CCJS bibliographies must be written in the American Psychological Association (APA) format

· The annotation is a brief (usually about 150 words) paragraph that provides some descriptive and evaluative information about each book, article, etc.

1. Your Annotated Bibliography must contain four (4) outside (not instructional material for this course) sources, at least two of which must come from the UMUC Library data base.

2. Locate books, periodicals, and documents that may contain useful information and ideas on your topic. You may conduct your research with the assistance of a UMUC librarian, reviewing your own personal materials on the topic, using the Internet, visiting an actual library, etc. and review the available items. Then, choose those works that provide a variety of perspectives on your topic.

a. Note; You can connect to Library Services by using the Library link in the upper left corner of the Class Announcements page; or,

b. Link directly to the UMUC Library Guide to Criminal Justice Resources link in Course Contents

3. Type the reference “citation” information for the book, article, or document using the American Psychological Association (APA) formatting standards. (There are links to APA format standards under Library Services and in the Course Content.)

4. Each reference is followed by the annotation. The purpose of the annotation is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the sources cited. Creating an annotated bibliography calls for a variety of intellectual skills: concise exposition, succinct analysis, and informed library research.

5. Write a concise annotation (150 words) for each resource that summarizes the central theme and scope of the book, article, or document. Include one or more sentences that,

a) evaluates the authority or background of the author;

b) comments on the intended audience;

c) compares or contrasts the work with another you have cited; and

d) explains how this work illuminates your bibliography topic.

NOTE: Annotations vs. Abstracts

Abstracts are the purely descriptive summaries often found at the beginning of scholarly journal articles or in periodical indexes. Annotations are descriptive and critical; they expose the author’s point of view, clarity and appropriateness of expression, and authority. Abstracts will not be accepted for this project.


Select ONE of the following topics for all four (4) of your resources.

(Note: Other topics may be submitted to your instructor for prior approval.)

Arrest on Probable Cause

Pre-trial Release (Bail, Release on Recognizance, etc.)

The role of the Criminal Grand Jury

The “Insanity” Plea

Plea Bargaining

The role of the Prosecutor

The role of the Defense Attorney

The American Jury Trial

The “CSI” effect

“Dueling” Expert Witnesses

The Victim’s Rights

The Criminal Appeal process

Alternatives to Incarceration



“Good Behavior Credits” in prison

Restorative Justice

Your annotated bibliography should have no less than four sources

· Each annotation should contain approximately 150 words.

· Double space, 12 pt. font, 1” margins

· Use APA citations for all sources

Additionally – Create a cover page for your assignment

· Include your name

· Course title and number

· Project title

· Topic selected

· Date of submission

Annotated Bibliography Support Resources (Search on Annotated Bibliography)

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