Example 1 – Gibb’s reflective cycle
Gibbs’ (1998) reflective cycle guides us through six stages of reflection:
1. Description: what happened
What, where and when? Who did/said what, what did you do/read/see hear? In what order did things happen? What were the circumstances? What were you responsible for?
2. Feelings: what were you thinking about?
What was your initial gut reaction, and what does this tell you? Did your feelings change? What were you thinking?
3. Evaluation: what was good or bad about the experience?
What pleased, interested or was important to you? What made you unhappy? What difficulties were there? Who/what was unhelpful? Why? What needs improvement?
4. Analysis: what sense can you make of the situation?
Compare theory and practice. What similarities or differences are there between this experience and other experiences? Think about what actually happened. What choices did you make and what effect did they have?
5. Conclusion: what else could you have done?
What have you learnt for the future? What else could you have done?
6. Action Plan: if it arose again what would you do?
If it arose again what would you do? What would you do next time?
Example 2 – Johns’ model for structured reflection
Johns’ model (Johns, 2000) was developed for nursing practitioners but is applicable to any field. Johns suggests that the “Model for Structured Reflection” is a technique that is especially useful in the early stages of learning how to reflect. The “Looking in” and “Looking out” is a way of challenging our natural tendency to judge ourselves too harshly.
Model for Structured Reflection – adapted from Johns (2000)
Find a space to focus on self
Pay attention to your thoughts and emotions
Write down these thoughts and emotions
Write a description of the situation
What issues seem significant
What was I trying to achieve?
Why did I respond as I did?
What were the consequences for myself and others?
How were others feeling?
How did I know this?
Why did I feel the way I did within this situation?
Did I act for the best?
What factors were influencing me?
What knowledge did or could have informed me?
How does this situation relate to previous experiences?
How could I have handled this better?
What would have been the consequences of alternative actions?
How do I feel now about the experience?
How can I support myself and others better in the future?
Name: Aldana Alghafri Date: 5/4/2016
Course title: Media Professionals
Skills for Learning website: http://skillsforlearning.leedsmet.ac.uk
Section title: Theme:
What do I expect to learn from this section?
How do the learning outcomes listed at the start of the section match what I expect to learn?
Reflect on your experience of the section by asking yourself questions
What have I learned from this section?
When and how can I apply these skills / knowledge to the things I do?
What else can I do?
How can I improve these skills?
How useful is this to me?
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