Discuss the general characteristics of the historic jazz style.

From the choices provided below, select a jazz musician for your paper of 600 to 800 words. You will be writing about the historic jazz style represented by this musician, as well as his or her individual performance style. An abundance of choices will allow you to write with genuine enthusiasm about one of your favorites. (Please note that we have excluded Miles Davis and John Coltrane from the list–they are simply too popular to include on the list.)

For the musician:

discuss the general characteristics of the historic jazz style;
describe the individual stylistic characteristics for which the performer is known;
select one piece that features a notable performance and provide your observations from listening to the piece;
provide a conclusion that offers insight into the artistry and significance of the piece and performer you have selected.
This assignment is an extension of the work you have been doing on the discussion boards. Topics questions can serve to guide your own investigation of the piece you have selected.

The one caveat is to make sure that you select a recording that is not assigned listening–be it recordings on the lesson pages, the discussion boards, or on the Unit listening lists. As far as that goes, there are several more lessons before the end of the semester. There is one remaining discussion board, and there are recordings on the Unit 5 Listening List (that will be presented in Lessons 13 and 14). These recordings–and all recordings from Lessons 12, 13, and 14–are also off limits. The remaining lessons are available to you, so that you can check to make sure that your selection is not a recording from the lesson pages. In addition, here are the recordings on the remaining discussion board, along with those on the Unit 5 Listening List:

Discussion Board #10 recordings:

Miles Davis, Bitches Brew (Miles Davis), New York, August 19, 1969
Miles Davis, Sivad (Miles Davis), Live at The Cellar Door, Washington, DC, December 19, 1970
Weather Report, Birdland (Joe Zawinul), Hollywood, 1976
Weather Report, This is This (Josef Zawinul), Los Angeles, CA, 1986
Chick Corea, Steps What Was (Chick Corea), New York, March 1968
Chick Corea, Now He Sings, Now He Sobs (Chick Corea), New York, March 14, 19 and 27, 1968
Return to Forever, Spain (Chick Corea), London, October 1972
Herbie Hancock, Sly (Herbie Hancock), San Francisco, CA, Fall, 1973
Keith Jarrett, Landscape For Future Earth (Keith Jarrett), Oslo, Norway, November, 1971
Keith Jarrett, All The Things You Are (J. Kern/O. Hammerstein), New York, January 1983

Unit 5 Listening List:

The Wynton Marsalis Quartet, Knozz-Moe-King (Wynton Marsalis), Washington, D.C., December 19 and 20, 1986
Wynton Marsalis, Caravan (D. Ellington/J. Tizol/Mills), New York, May 29-30 and September 24-25, 1986
Michael Brecker, Slings and Arrows (Michael Brecker), New York, 1996
Sonny Clark Memorial Quartet, Cool Struttin (Sonny Clark), 1986
Tito Puente, Royal T (Tito Puente), San Francisco, January 18-19, 1993
Medeski Martin & Wood, Hey-Hee-Hi-Ho (MMW), New York, December 15-22, 1997
Roy Hargrove Quintet, Mental Phrasing (Roy Hargrove), New York, January 16 and 17, 1994
Brad Mehldau, Monks Dream (Thelonious Monk), Live at Village Vanguard, New York, July 29-August 3, 1997

Historic jazz recordings have become very easy to purchase online as mp3 downloads. If you don”t already have the recording you have selected, an mp3 purchase is a very reasonable and affordable way to obtain the recording.

In the header for your paper, be sure to include:

The artist you have selected
The title of the piece
The year of the original recording
Other performers on the recording

Note: This is not a research paper. Your online lessons provide ample information. If quoting from these lessons, place the words in quotation marks and use a parenthetic citation, such as (Hopkins, Lesson 11). You may use other sources, but be sure to document these sources and properly attribute quotations.
Select an artist from the choices provided:

Pre-Swing (New Orleans/Chicago):

Joe Oliver
Louis Armstrong (before 1950)
Bix Beiderbecke

Sydney Bechet
Johnny Dodds
Jimmie Noone

Edward Kid Ory

Frankie Trumbauer

Lil Hardin Armstrong
Jelly Roll Morton
Fletcher Henderson (pre-swing, swing)
Earl Hines (pre-swing, swing)
Fats Waller (pre-swing, swing)
James P. Johnson (stride)
Willie The Lion Smith (stride)

Johnny St. Cyr
Eddie Lang

Joe Venuti

Sid Catlett
Baby Dodds


Bubber Miley
Cootie Williams
Harry Sweets Edison
Buck Clayton
Roy Eldridge

Joe Nanton
Vic Dickenson

Benny Goodman
Barney Bigard
Jimmy Hamilton

Alto Sax
Johnny Hodges
Benny Carter
Earl Warren
Willie Smith

Tenor Sax
Coleman Hawkins
Lester Young
Herchel Evans
Ben Webster

Baritone Sax
Harry Carney

Duke Ellington
Count Basie
Art Tatum
Teddy Wilson

Lionel Hampton
Red Norvo

Freddy Green
Django Reinhardt
Charlie Christian (swing, bop)

Stephane Grappelli
Stuff Smith

Walter Page
Jimmie Blanton

Jo Jones
Sonny Greer
Gene Krupa
Chick Webb
Buddy Rich (swing, bop)

Modern: Bebop:

Dizzy Gillespie
Red Rodney

J.J. Johnson
Kai Winding

Alto Sax
Charlie Parker

Tenor Sax
Dexter Gordon

Bud Powell
Thelonious Monk (bop, hard bop)
Duke Jordan
Al Haig

Milt Jackson (bop, cool)

Curly Russell
Tommy Potter
Oscar Pettiford

Kenny Clarke
Max Roach (bop, hard bop)
Roy Haynes

Modern: Cool/West Coast:

Chet Baker

Jimmy Giuffre (clarinet/sax)

Alto Sax
Lee Konitz
Paul Desmond
Art Pepper

Tenor Sax
Stan Getz

Baritone Sax
Gerry Mulligan (bop, cool)

Lennie Tristano (cool, free)
Dave Brubeck

Jim Hall

Ralph Pena
Bob Bates
Eugene Wright

Joe Morello
Chico Hamilton

Modern: Hard bop:

Clifford Brown
Lee Morgan
Freddie Hubbard

Curtis Fuller

Alto Sax
Cannonball Adderley
Jackie Mclean
Phil Woods
Gigi Gryce

Tenor Sax
Sonny Rollins
Wayne Shorter (hard bop, fusion)

Wynton Kelly
Red Garland
Horace Silver
McCoy Tyner (hard bop, free)
Tommy Flanagan
John Lewis (third stream)
Oscar Peterson

Jimmy Smith
Groove Holmes

Wes Montgomery
Kenny Burrell
Grant Green
Joe Pass

Charles Mingus (bop, hard bop, free)
Paul Chambers
Jimmy Garrison (hard bop, free)
Scott LaFaro
Ron Carter
Ray Brown

Philly Joe Jones
Art Blakey
Jimmy Cobb
Tony Williams (hard bop, fusion)
Billy Higgins (hard bop, free)

Pianists (Worked with Davis)
Bill Evans
Herbie Hancock (hard bop, fusion)
Chick Corea (hard bop, fusion)
Keith Jarrett (hard bop, free, fusion)

Ella Fitzgerald
Sarah Vaughan
Betty Carter
Cassandra Wilson
Diana Krall (1990s)

Misc. Jazz Orchestras/Ensembles
Woody Herman Orchestra
Stan Kenton Orchestra
Carla Bley
Maria Schneider Big Band

Latin Jazz
Chano Pozo (congas-bebop)
Tito Puente (percussion)
Chucho Valdes (piano)
Arturo Sandoval (trumpet)
Paquito DRivera (alto sax, clarinet)


Don Cherry
Lester Bowie

Alto Sax
Ornette Coleman
Eric Dolphy
Anthony Braxton (woodwinds)
Marshall Allen (woodwinds)

Tenor Sax
Albert Ayler
Archie Shepp
Roland Kirk

Cecil Taylor
Sun Ra (keyboards)
Paul Bley

Charlie Haden
Dave Holland

Paul Motian


Randy Brecker

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