This excerpt explains the complex relationship that exists between man and the society. It critically analyzes the various factors that define the social structures that man has created throughout history. Generally, the society and all activities that happen in it determine the type of life a person will lead. In an industrialized society, the social classification of people will be totally different from that of people in another social structure. The roles played by different classes people are dictated by the nature of the social structure. Catastrophes also hold the potential of disorienting established social structures and leading to the complete transformation of a society (Newman, 2013). Through social imagination, people are able comprehend their societies and the roles they play in making it a success. They are able to create their own fates and shape up experiences that act as viable lessons for future generations. Social imagination also helps people to understand their history. They gain a deeper appreciation of what other people did or sacrificed in the past to forge societies out of desperate and turbulent situations. The only thing that was easy about this excerpt was that it touched on aspects that relate to the development of social structures. This helps the reader visualize the various factors that affect his or her society. As a result, it is easier to grasp the main points put across by the author in this excerpt (Newman, 2013). The most difficult thing to understand about this excerpt was the constant reference to social and political structures and frameworks. A person with limited knowledge on these factors would find it difficult to comprehend the main message. Nevertheless, it was a resourceful excerpt. 10/07 reflection: Man is often referred as a social being. He simply cannot exist on his own. This is the main reason why relationships are an integral part of our daily life. However, these societal relationships present both opportunities for man to progress as well as challenges that make him question his existence. Man is the main product of the society. He has a relative control over other aspects of life. Moreover, he is also the product of the society. The society exists solely to support man and his endeavors (Urry, 2012). Experience plays a pivotal role in our lives. It defines our perception of the things that surround us. In fact, it makes life a unique experience for people as they get to learn new things along the way. Through experience, problems are solved, opportunities are created and the society is able to progressively grow. They fuel societal development. Experiences are brought about by the troubles and hurdles a man encounters on a daily basis. There are very many pressures that push people towards new experiences. Everyone is usually under pressure to perform specific functions that will enable the entire society to function flawlessly. These troubles, trials, hurdles and tribulations encourage collaboration and cooperation between people, to guarantee success (Urry, 2012). There are various distinctions that differentiate personal troubles faced by individuals and general societal issues. Personal troubles, refer to issues that people are often faced with on a personal basis. They do not necessarily represent the entire society or population. A sickness is an example of a personal trouble. Social issues on the other hand, extend to a bigger portion of the population. They include issues such as poverty, unemployment, insecurity and many more. In-class assignment : Karl Marx is undoubtedly one of the greatest philosopher to ever live on the planet. He pioneered some of the most important philosophies that attempted to explain how a society is structured. He was definitely a relational thinker who sought to identify the nature of the society when it comes to issues such as power and the division of resources. His work has facilitated greatly in the comprehension of the social structures within the society and how they relate to each other (Marx & McLellan, 2000). Karl Marx introduced the boss – worker relationship concept that is dominant in the modern day work and business environment. He stipulated that the society is divided into two major divisions, i.e. the capitalists and the proletariat. The capitalists owned and controlled all factors of production and are what we today call, bosses. The proletariats on the other hand were the workers who worked for the capitalists for wages. According to him, the society was structured in a unique way that ensured that the capitalists would continue gaining more wealth by manipulating and using the workers. This meant that the proletariat would continue to get poorer as they toiled day after day to make the capitalists even richer. This is how Karl Marx viewed and defined social structures (Marx & McLellan, 2000). The final intriguing fact about Karl Marx was the fact that he laid the foundation for four very important theories that focus on the society. These are communism, socialism, capitalism and finally feudalism. Almost all modern societies are based one of these theories. This clearly depicts him to be a very important and influential figure in sociology.
Chen Qian , Oct 11 at 11:49pm
dear Chen — it’s ok! It is due on Saturday at 11:59pm, so you had time. I’ll show your class once again how to re-submit your posts, as I think this is what you had done here… A couple notes: remember it is the “sociological imagination,” not the social imagination…In your reflection, you refer to it as the latter, rather than the former. Secondly — It’s great that you are looking at other texts to try to help explain even more so what we are reading and discussing together in class! The one caution I have with it (at least for this exercise) is that those authors themselves have theses that they need to prove — and often that means they are reading the text differently. Rather than holistically understanding the texts (which is what we have to do in a 100-level course, especially), some refer to texts to help them make their argument. Urry (2012), for example, appears to be writing about collaboration. While that is important to Mills, what Mills was concerned with is that individuals have develop the reasoning capabilities to understand how it is that the world is impacting them and how they impact the world; this is the development of a sociological perspective (i.e, the sociological imagination). RE: Marx — he’s great yes, but unsure if philosophers can be ranked as such! lol He did, however, make very important contributions. Marx didn’t actually introduce the proletariat/bourgoisie relationship nor the various economic systems that had been or were in place; he was just describing what many others (particularly political economists) had already written about. What sets him apart from others, though, is his insistence on describing what that actually looks like in real life (not just theoretically or in terms of numbers (i.e., this business has 5000 employees). Your description of the role of the worker and the capitalists is correct.
Emily Noelle Sanchez Ignacio , Oct 18 at 1:27pm
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