Horizontal Violence in the Nursing Profession
The heading describes the study with a focus on the conflicts between nurses in the work place. By indicating that the focus is on nurse to nurse, the heading suggests a closer look at the relationship between two professionals rather than a generalized view. The researcher’s heading is clear to understand and summarizes the interest of the research.
The abstract summarizes the research study and clearly states the key perspective of the academic inquiry. The investigator starts by explaining the general view of horizontal violence and how previous studies have elaborated. However, for the current study, the researcher argues that the best way to understand the concept of horizontal violence is to understand the motivation of the work difference between nurses. The summary, therefore gives a clear path that the research concentrates on in order for the readers to reconcile what they know from the previous studies with the current one.
The significance of the problem is clearly stated as the researcher notes that previous studies have ignored the motivation of the horizontal violence. Convincingly, the investigator justifies the rationale for the approach that the investigation follows. According to the article, by understanding the motives behind the violence, it becomes easier to strategize on the ways of seeking a lasting solution. Hence, the purpose that the study seeks to offer an alternative technique of solving the existing problem in the nursing sector is clear. Expectedly, the investigator expects that the research will provide an insight into providing a panacea to the area of study that has often undermined effective performance of the nurses. As indicated in the introduction, resolving the problem before it starts becomes far much easier than dealing with it after it has established itself.
Review of the Literature
The researcher dwells on the recent research from the year 2010 to 2014. None of the classical literature is cited. Arguably, the research becomes relevant especially with the use of several materials from authoritative authorities. The materials are from the field of nursing as well as public administration and demonstrate that the researcher is knowledgeable on the area of inquiry. The reviewed literature is convincing and displays the existing gap in the field that the study fills. Evidently, the order of the reviewed literature concurs with the sequence of explanations in the article. The references supplement each other and in a related pattern, the investigator shows the purpose of the study. Comparatively, one can relate one reference with another while identifying the direction that the current study leads.
Framework of the Study
The research does not give an overt theoretical framework but a close reading indicates it has applied the grounded theory (Martin & Astrid, 2011). The framework involves a systematic approach where the researcher follows some procedures in accordance to the purpose of the research. In this case, the researcher suggests an interview of the willing nurses affected by the horizontal violence and interpret how their motives brought about differences in the study. By choosing not to reveal the theoretical approach, the investigator seems to suggest that a theory must not determine the research framework. However, the approach used is appropriate considering that the focus is on the motivation which the researcher has to establish without making assumptions or speculations in order to be accurate. The concealed grounded theory is multifaceted and does not claim position in any discipline. However, the identification of variables, where the focus is on nurse verses nurse is clear.
The study identifies that the design used in research is sampling and a systematic interviewing. The researcher explains that the design must work according to the nature of the nursing profession. That is, the level of bullying becomes complicated because there is no definite extent to which a treatment can qualify to become a bully per se. Since it is a relative term, the research developed a qualitative design in order to establish the motives that generate horizontal violence. The design enables the derivation of information in the minds of the victims and proponents of horizontal violence. Hence, the adopted design is appropriate for the study as the researcher explains that the qualitative approach has received little attention. Additionally, most of the previous designs have been quantitative with much emphasis being the revelation of the figures of the victims and other statistical information. To control the external and internal validity, the study sought voluntary nurses and kept the information classified.
Method Population and Sample
The research concentrated on the nurses affected by the horizontal violence and their explanation regarding what caused such an experience. The researcher selected reports from some authorized scholars who have compiled reports regarding the behaviors and their relation to the public relations between nurses. To some extent, the selected population is not adequate for an accurate conclusion. The samples appear narrow considering the magnitude of the issue being investigated. However, the target population is appropriate for the study. The selection of nurses to explain their experiences rather than interviewing observers make the investigation valid. Debatably, getting first hand information develops a credible analysis than relying on speculative information. Apparently, the right of participation is well protected with the participants advised to conceal their identity. The researcher allowed the participants to sign a consent form and to provide enveloped information in which their names and any other forms of identification are not necessary.
There is a clear description of the procedure of research which involves identification of the area of study. Specifically, the study is within the nursing sector and explores the concept from the profession’s perspective. As explained by the investigator, the procedure starts from identification of potential population before sampling and later interviewing. The data and findings are then interpreted using the established conceptual framework and a conclusion derived. Suggestively, the investigator demonstrates that the same procedure can be replicated by other researchers who endeavor to conduct a qualitative inquiry. Hence, the procedure is convincing and reflects a practical model for a qualitative research.
Method Research Instruments
The use of interviews and questionnaires are enough for the qualitative research and specifically with the current study. The two instruments are reliable because every respondent provides confidential information for interpretation. At the same time, they are valid since the focus is on the respondents who are affected by horizontal violence in one way or another. Having introduced a system of signing consent forms and hiding of identities, the instruments prove to be relevant, valid and reliable since the respondents are free to present information due to the protection they enjoy. Adequately, the data answers all the questions that the study presents. For instance, whether behavioral differences motivate horizontal violence and the extent to which frustrations can contribute to the problem.
Considering that the research is qualitative, the statistical procedure used is inferential. The study infers that there are forces that motivate the occurrence of horizontal violence. It identifies seniority, feeling of insecurity, hierarchy system, difference in education, and patients’ protection as some of the key factors that encourage the issue (Granstra, 2015). Remarkably, the study does not give an explicit explanation as to whether each hypothesis was supported or refuted. However, there is no hypothesis devoid of explanation.
Adequately, the discussion expands on the findings of the research. The findings, for example, emotional experiences at work as well as hierarchy can lead to the horizontal violence. Having collected the evidence from the respondents, the researcher had adequate reasons to make such a conclusion. All the hypothesis were supported in the discussion and consequently renders the research complete.
Conclusion and Implications
The conclusion is clear and summaries the entire research article. The investigator concludes from the collected data that there is a link between the relationship and differences in the work place and horizontal violence. Justifiably, the conclusion demonstrates reconciliation between the purpose and the hypothesis. However, the generalization made from the sample is arguably inadequate. Relatively few respondents were involved in the data collection and the findings may not apply in a universal setting. The researcher does not suggest any further inquiry in the related area but reasonable implication for practice given is that the nurse leaders should address difference between the healthcare practitioners. According to the study, the issue of horizontal violence can only end if the motivations are solved before it generates conflicting differences which undermine service provision.
Granstra, K. (2015). Nurse Against Nurse: Horizontal Bullying in the Nursing Profession. Journal of Healthcare Management 60(4), 249-257.
Martin, V. B., & Astrid, G. (2011). Grounded Theory: The Philosophy, Method, and Work of Barney Glaser. Boca Raton: BrownWalker Press.
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