1. SDT claims that the basic psychological needs are universal, across cultures. Which of the needs is generally thought to be the most controversial, in this regard?
d. None of the above
2. SDT researchers argue that the claim that the basic needs are universal is an empirically testable one. How?
a. In cross-cultural samples, measure the degree to which people experience satisfaction of the three ‘needs,’ and also measure well-being. If need satisfaction is positively associated with well-being, this is taken as evidence in support of the need.
b. In cross-cultural samples, ask people about the degree to which they, personally, value the ‘need.’ If most people in the culture explicitly value the need, then this is taken as evidence in support of the need.
c. Because conducting cross-cultural work is timely and expensive, it is considered sufficient to link need satisfaction with well-being in North American samples, and then generalize from these findings to other cultures.
d. They are mistaken; it is not an empirically testable claim.
3. In SDT, ‘basic needs’ are defined as ingredients or nutriments that are considered _____ for healthy growth and development, and for well-being. This definition is the basis for the claim that the needs are _____ .
a. optional, culturally relative
b. nonessential, epiphenomena
c. essential, universal
d. beneficial, valuable
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