What are the three cultural/musical sources of the popular music in America?

What are the three cultural/musical sources of the popular music in America?

Western European classical music, Anglo-American folk music, and African rhythms.
Western European rhythms, Anglo-American use of the vernacular speech, and African instruments
Western European vernacular speech, Anglo-American folk instruments, and African blues.
Minstrelsy, spirituals and ragtime

“Cross-pollination of influences” is a concept that applies almost exclusively to

a) Classical music b) Folk music c) Popular music

During the nineteenth century, the radio replaced the piano as the center of home entertainment.

a) true b) false

In a blues song, the identical first two lines of a chorus are called a rhymed couplet.

a) true b) false

5. Another description for “parlor songs” is the phrase “piano bench music.”

a) true b) false

In describing American popular music, we say that it has a “beat”. This term “beat” refers to

The European influence in American music
The Anglo-American folk influence in American music
The African influence in American music

7. Chuck Berry’s song “Maybellene” has country music influence because of its:

a) twelve bar blues form b) none of these

c) slightly distorted electric guitar sound

d) strong honky-tonk two-beats in the chorus

8. Music during the nineteenth century dramatically reflected class differences (including education, literacy, manners) between city folks and their rural counterparts

a) true b) false

9. The Virginia Minstrels were a group of four entertainers, singing and playing the instruments associated with minstrel shows.

a) true b) false

10. The Fisk Jubilee Singers made history as the first white performers of authentic African-American music.

a) true b) false

11. Tin Pan Alley refers to:

a. the skid row district of the west side of Manhattan.

b. none of these choices are true.

c. the California Gold Rush’s influence on bringing American popular music to the West Coast for the first time.

d. an area in New York that housed the music publishing business.

12. The song “Take Me Out To The Ball Game” is an example of a song with a three-beat cycle called:

a. an operetta. b. a waltz.

c. “Jumpin’ Jim Crow.” d. a fox trot.

13. The first big Tin Pan Alley “hit” in 1892 was:

a. “After The Ball.” b. “Yankee Doodle Boy.”

c. “Old Folks At Home.” d. “All Coons Look Alike To Me.”

14. John Philip Sousa is a composer and bandleader whose concert bands displayed tremendous musicianship and precision. One particular style of music for which he is best known is:

a. the waltz. b. the fox trot.

c. the march. d. the operetta.

15. Stephen Foster wrote songs for both minstrel shows and

a) the parlor b) the musical theater

c) the black church d) the white church

16. A publishing-house pianist who could play a new song for a professional singer or a prospective customer

a) blackface b) the interlocutor c) song-plugger

d) Jim Crow

17. This phrase refers to “spontaneous musical creation”, and is the essence of what jazz music is all about

a. race records b. “blue note” c. jazz improvisation d. front line

18. A “race record” refers to

a recording of black music by black people
a “race” by musical theater performers to record the newest Tin Pan Alley hit song
a recording of the minstrel songs of Stephen Foster
a recording of black music sung by white people

19. In a jazz band, this phrase refers to the horn soloists (trumpet, clarinet, and trombone)

a. the race line b. front line c. race line d. blues line

20. Both blues and jazz come from the same sources, but each has certain characteristics that differentiate one from the other. Generally speaking, which of the following is true?

blues is predominantly vocal music whereas jazz is predominantly instrumental music
blues is based on African-American experience in America whereas jazz is based on the Caucasian experience
the instrument most identified with blues is the acoustic guitar, whereas the instrument most identified with jazz is the electric guitar

21. The first widely known blues reached their audience via

a. the radio b. the sheet music c. street performances d. none of the above

22. Bessie Smith is a representative of what popular genre?

a. jazz b. classic blues c. ragtime song d. none of the above

23. The birthplace of jazz is:

a. Chicago, Illinois b. New York, New York. c. New Orleans, Louisiana

d. Jackson, Mississippi

24. The term “Storyville” refers to:

the first published blues song written by W.C. Handy
the “red-light” area of New Orleans where jazz was to evolve in the early twentieth century.
a slang term for blues songs based in fiction rather than in a real-life event.
the nightclub where the patrons coined the term “jazz” to describe the style of music being played there

Prohibition signaled a lull in ability of jazz musicians to find work until its eventual repeal

a) true b) false

26. One of the advantages of the microphone was that it enabled small-voice singers to record and perform in theaters.

a) true b) false

Which innovations in the 1920’s changed the music industry?

a) parlor songs b) radio broadcasting c) amplified live performance

d) both a and b e) both b and c

28. The instrument that is so remarkable in the recording of “Charleston” and introduced a new sound in the 1920’s was:

a) the clarinet b) the saxophone c) the trumpet d) the piano

One of the most remarkable things about Gershwin’s Rhapsody in Blue is that it managed to achieve immense popularity without reworking the sounds, rhythms, and melodies of ragtime, jazz, blues, and dance music into its composition.

a) true b) false

The Jazz Singer was the first ___________ starring _____________

electric recording, George Gershwin
talking film, Al Jolson
commercial radio station, King Oliver
amplified live performance, Louis Armstrong

A “Crooner” is:

a) a singer who sings with full voice b) a singer who sings softly

c) a singer who sings in the old singing style ( before microphones)

d) a singer that only sings in the shower

One of the choices available to experience live music in 1929 that was not available ten years before was:

a) paying to see a vaudeville show b) purchasing an acoustic recording

c) all of these choices d) none of these choices

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