Directions: Write a three to five page typed well organized essay addressing the following questions relating to Federalist 10 and Brutus I.
The American Constitution was a product of considerable discussion and theoretical argumentation. Brutus I (Robert Yates) and Federalist 10 (James Madison) present us with among the best examples of Anti-federalist and Federalist thought. A major issue dividing these two opposing sides over the Constitutions ratification was the size of republics. Why does Brutus stress the small republic? How can his view be said to be anchored in homogeneity and virtue? (How does Sam Adams letter to John Scollay in 1780 reflect concern for civic virtue , a theme in what was to become Anti-Federalist thought?) How does Brutus argue from authority? What particular clauses does he fear in the U.S. Constitution? From his perspective, was Brutus correct? Madison advances the argument for a large republic in Federalist 10. Why does Madison reject virtue and homogeneity as the basis for a republic? How does the large republic provide the solution to the problem of factions? How is it based on Madisons view of human nature? What role does the representative play in Madisons solution to the problem of factions? How is Madisons conception of human nature reflected in Federalist 51? Why is Madison sometimes referred to as the first pluralist political scientist? Some commentators on American political thought argue that the American political tradition is an inter-play between the Federalist and Anti-federalist perspectives. What do you think they mean by this? The material on federalism in chapter 3 might be helpful in this regard.