Global Warming

Global Warming

Sinha, P. C. (1998). Global Warming. New Delhi, India: Anmol Publications PVT. LTD. Summary:

As the title suggests, the publication focuses on the sole discussion of the global warming issue prevalent in the world today. The author introduces the discussion by discussing the causal relationship between the greenhouse effect and global warming. Subsequent chapters deal with an appraisal of the global warming policies and their effectuality/ineffectuality in the reduction of greenhouse gases in both the developing and developed nations of the world.

Analysis:

Sinha dedicates fifty pages into the identification and in-depth analysis of the key contributors of global warming affording high credibility to the discussion by reviewing scientific data from institutions such as the World Meteorological Organization, Goddard Institute of Space Studies, Intergovernmental Panel on Climatic Change, among others. The data has been compiled in an easy format under various subheadings to guide the reader into the specific discussion and this will ensure less time consumption in the study.

Peach, J. D. (2005). Global Warming: Emission Reductions Possible As Scientific Uncertainties Are Resolved. Darby, PA: DIANE Publishing.

Summary:

The book is an actual study conducted by a team of researchers, led by Peach, under specific directions from the US Government regarding global warming. The report is divided into the introduction section that offers a background on the problem and later deals with the analysis of the greenhouse gases as the main cause of global warming. Current policies attached to the same are appraised and pragmatic recommendations accorded for the same in a bid to curb the identified problem.

Analysis:

The project was conducted under a tem of specialists appointed by the US government as noted by the attestation of the executive summary. The document is initially presented to the Chairman of the US Environment, Energy and Natural Resources, the Subcommittee and Committee on Government Operations and the House of Representatives before its release for public printing. This accords credibility and highly synthesized information that will be very significant for the study.

Cook, J. (2011). The human fingerprint in global warming. Skeptical Science. Retrieved from http://www.skepticalscience.com/its-not-us-basic.htm

Summary:

The web publication provides a discussion that links human activity as a significant causative agent to global warming. The discussion begins with the reference to one of the highest used skeptical argument against the notion that human activities constitute much to the current global climate issue. The arguments given in support for human activities in global warming are divided into three levels; basic, intermediate and advanced in order of the intricacy and analysis; tables and graphs are used in the latter two levels.

Analysis:

Scientifically proven data is used to create strong reliable arguments for the various perspectives given in the article. Other related links for further research are also accorded with one hundred and forty-eight arguments being presented. This provides comprehensible information tabled from different perspectives with regard to the issue of global warning and thereby the ability to ensure variety in the research.

Ignatova, I. (2009). Global Warming Causes. Tropical-Rainforest-Animals.com. Retrieved from http://www.tropical-rainforest-animals.com/Global-Warming-Causes.html

Summary:

The document is based on the 2007 research conducted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and from this environmentalist Ignatova identifies the main contributors of global warming. The contents are neatly divided into subtopics that deal with specific causes under the human causatives, natural causatives, greenhouse gases, economic causatives, and warming causatives. The document concludes with a case study on the manner in which deforestation contributed to global warming.

Analysis:

As an environmentalist, Ignatova presents an unbiased presentation on the causative agents in global warming by gathering information from scholarly and research materials. This adds an element of credibility in the work and allows the reader into creating his or her own interpretive perspective on the nature of global warming. The information is presented in an outline format under specific subheading for easy navigation and this will ensure effectual time usage in the project.

Fischer, S. K., Hughes, P. J., Fairchild, P. D., Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Kusik, C. L., Dieckmann, J. T., McMahon, E. M., Hobday, N., & Arthur, D. L. Inc. (1991). Energy and Global Warming Impacts of CFC Alternative Technologies. Center for International Earth Science Information Network. Retrieved from http://www.ciesin.org/docs/011-459/011-459.html

Summary:

The web article is a research study conducted by the above named climate experts dealing with the destruction of the ozone layer by chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) and its connection to global warming. Current technology is identified as the main source for CFC emissions and the writers argue that an adoption of alternative technology sources, a combination of the CFCs with an element of hydrogen would lead to a significant decrease of greenhouse gases and consequently lower global warming.

Analysis:

The use of a research team led to the elimination of biased information from personal sentiments. The research materials used in the study are very credible as data from United Nations Environmental Program and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Additionally, the research was directed by the US Department of Energy and a research team from the Alternative Fluorocarbons Environmental Acceptability Study group. The information will be supportive in the study in presentation of factual data.

West, L. (2007). Global Warming is Unstoppable and Humans are to Blame, says UN Report. About.com. Retrieved from http://environment.about.com/od/globalwarming/a/ipcc_report.htm

Summary:

The article identifies human activities as the main enhancers of the greenhouse effect that requires immediate attention if global warming is to be reduced to manageable levels. West summarizes the main assertions from the United Nations standpoint from a 2007 report presented by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. A very disturbing premise presented on the document is the inability to stop global warming based on human reluctance in the control of the industrial activities.

Analysis:

West provides a succinct perspective of global warming with regard to the conclusions and findings given by the report. The largest part of the document is based on fact reporting with only a negligible part accorded to his view on the issue, a reflection of his professionalism based on his educational achievements. West offers insight on the global acceptability offered to the document by noting that it has been endorsed by one hundred and thirteen nations before further action may be taken. This article will aid the research into acquiring a global standpoint concerning the discussed problem.

Hoffmann, D. L. (2010). It’s the Water Vapor, Stupid! The Resilient Earth. Retrieved from http://www.theresilientearth.com/?q=content/its-water-vapor-stupid

Summary:

A depleting water vapor layer as opposed to carbon dioxide accumulation in the atmosphere is attributed as the main causative agent for global warming. Hoffmann offers a different argument from most scientific presentations that have used greenhouse gases as the main contribution factor. The findings are related to Solomon et al. research document titled, Contributions of Stratospheric Water Vapor to Decadal Changes in the Rate of Global Warming.

Analysis:

Hoffman’s claims are solely based on a recent study conducted by a team of seven scientists conducted in the year 2010. The recent state of the article injects new insight into the discussion and allows the writer into a critical thinking and analysis of the earlier research conclusions as to whether the greenhouse argument still stands or it is refutable. This will provide a good foundation for directing future researches and the assertion for own conclusions in the topic of global warming.

Hardy, J. (2003). Climate change: causes, effects, and solutions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons.

Summary:

Just as the title suggests, Hardy discusses the reasons behind the current climatic changes, the consequences and solutions that should be implemented to deal with the same. The initial chapter in the publication singles green house gases as the main causes of the heat flushes that have been noted in weather patterns. Seven gases namely carbon dioxide, chlorofluorocarbons, nitrous oxide, hydrochlorofluorocarbons, sulfur hexa-fluoride, methane and perfluoro-methane are each discussed and analyzed individually on their contributions to global warming.

Analysis:

An in-depth scientific analysis on the above named gases is given in quantifiable terms that infuse an element of measurable pragmatism on the destructive ability of each gas. This is measured by the Global Warming Potential (GWP) for each of the named gases aiding the researcher into gaining a deeper understanding of the calamity caused into weather patterns by the greenhouse effect. This will provide the research with a highly analytical capability.

Silver, J. (2008). Global Warming and Climate Change Demystified. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Professional.

Summary:

The book majorly forms a relationship between global warming and weather alterations dating back to three million years ago. Silver compares the weather patterns in the distinct periods in the book with the aim of tracing whether global warming occurred across the sessions. Satellites controlled by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration have been used to acquire weather measurements and conditions that are used in global warming analysis.

Analysis:

Silver provides different perspectives as well as myths put forward into explaining the issue of global warming. The author therefore states the myth and uses scientifically gathered information to refute or support the claim. Silver refrains from leading the reader into his defined perspective in the subject and therefore only reports various findings and leaves room for personal evaluation and founding of beliefs. This inferential sequence of information documentation prompts subjective critical assessments necessitated for healthy learning.

Oilprice.com. (2009). What are the Causes of Global warming? Retrieved from http://oilprice.com/Environment/Global-Warming/What-are-the-Causes-of-Global-warming.html

Summary:

The article combines scientific information acquired from various research networks into creating a comprehensive document that more than identifying a causative agent also analyses the different sources of the harmful agents. Quantifiable statistics are appropriately employed in the document under each causative agent identified by the subheadings incorporated in the document.

Analysis:

The compilation of the stated work was conducted by an editorial team ensuring that instances of personal partiality have been reduced. The review has based its research on data gathered and analyzed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration program ensuring credibility in the given information. This document will be a good contribution into the research by widening the research facilities bent on uncovering the issue of global warming.

Cover Synthesis

The issue of global warming had posed a considerable debate in the scientific community, as to what primarily constitutes to the temperature flares in the atmosphere. A notable large number of scholars have been bent on the view that the main causative agent is the greenhouse effect whose heating potential was discovered now close to one hundred years. The greenhouse effect is triggered by the varying levels of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide, methane, nitrogen oxide and chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) in the atmosphere. Among all greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide accounts for the highest percentage and ultimately the highest contributor to the problem. In studies conduced in the early 1980s period, scientists asserted that carbon dioxide alone constitutes to fifty percent of the overall warming that is being experienced around the globe (Silver, 2008). By studying coral deposits, tree rings and ice-core coatings scientists have discovered that different earth periods have noted temperature changes marked by oscillating patterns of cold and hot weather.

In fact, the hot seasons are believed to have experienced high heat surges exceeding what has been experienced in the last one hundred and fifty years ago. Global warming therefore is not a new phenomenon in the scientific world yet the alarming rate in which the temperature rise has been noted is what has created a renewed concern in the scientific community. Carbon dioxide increases in the olden periods was attributed to natural causes. The presence of glacial cover in this era actively absorbed the extra amount of carbon dioxide released and in turn checked the expected temperature rise in the period (Silver, 2008). Upon the inception of the industrial revolution, the level of greenhouse gases has led to atmospheric changes that are now threatening catastrophic changes in the world. The glacial covers in the northern and southern poles have melted due to the gradually increasing temperatures over time and reduced the absorbing potential of the ice cover in highly significant levels.

Ocean and sea levels, which serve as absorbents, has been constrained by the reduction of water levels by at least four meters in altitude within the last century. With human activities escalating in the highly industrialized global community, the number of greenhouse gases is continually rising. Carbon dioxide effluents from actions like the ignition of fossil energy and deforestation increases the atmospheric level by 0.5 percent in a yearly basis. Methane gas sourced from areas like rice cultivation areas, bovine and ovine ranching and mining fields among others multiplies by 0.9 percent annually (Peach, 2005). The highest rate is attributed to the CFCs that have a four percent annual margin increment in the atmospheric constitution. CFCs are generated from a range of coolants found in household appliances such as refrigerators. Nitrous oxide has the lowest annual growth level of 0.25 percent due to the reduced agricultural activities caused by weather changes. The pollutant is mainly sourced from fertilizers.

Critiques to this school of thought argue that greenhouse gases caused by human activities have very negligible proportions that cannot be matched to the heat changes experienced currently. This has been the main point of contention as a unanimous agreement has been given towards temperature increases but the causative agents are still high areas of debate. A recent study conducted in 2010 actually attributes global warming to vapor reduction as opposed to the eminence accorded to greenhouse effects. The study asserts that, thirty percent of the current global warming is caused by water film reductions (Hoffmann, 2010). However, the reason as to why water vapor has deepened is still to be uncovered. Other groups believe that the alarm has been induced to create panic and increase funding into the scientific community for continuity. Sources employed in the study therefore unanimously consent to the fact that there has been a noted temperature increase yet the causative agents have no distinct consensus.

 

References

Cook, J. (2011). The human fingerprint in global warming. Skeptical Science. Retrieved from http://www.skepticalscience.com/its-not-us-basic.htm

Fischer, S. K., Hughes, P. J., Fairchild, P. D., Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Kusik, C. L., Dieckmann, J. T., McMahon, E. M., Hobday, N., & Arthur, D. L. Inc. (1991). Energy and Global Warming Impacts of CFC Alternative Technologies. Center for International Earth Science Information Network. Retrieved from http://www.ciesin.org/docs/011-459/011-459.html

Hardy, J. (2003). Climate change: causes, effects, and solutions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons.

Hoffmann, D. L. (2010). It’s the Water Vapor, Stupid! The Resilient Earth. Retrieved from http://www.theresilientearth.com/?q=content/its-water-vapor-stupid

Ignatova, I. (2009). Global Warming Causes. Tropical-Rainforest-Animals.com. Retrieved from http://www.tropical-rainforest-animals.com/Global-Warming-Causes.html

Oilprice.com. (2009). What are the Causes of Global warming. Retrieved from http://oilprice.com/Environment/Global-Warming/What-are-the-Causes-of-Global-warming.html

Peach, J. D. (2005). Global Warming: Emission Reductions Possible As Scientific Uncertainties Are Resolved. Darby, PA: DIANE Publishing.

Silver, J. (2008). Global Warming and Climate Change Demystified. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Professional.

Sinha, P. C. (1998). Global Warming. New Delhi, India: Anmol Publications PVT. LTD.

West, L. (2007). Global Warming is Unstoppable and Humans are to Blame, says UN Report. About.com. Retrieved from http://environment.about.com/od/globalwarming/a/ipcc_report.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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