Subject：Research Methods & Methodologies in Accounting and Management
Question：How can European financial supervision cater for cross-border issues?
Read following Requirements and structure carefully。
Guidance on Research Proposals
3. Aims and objectives
5. Ethical issues
It is expected that a research proposal will generally include these elements, although the amount of detail and length required will vary depending on the nature of the study.
Should ideally describe the main focus of your study and what will be unique about it – so it comes up in literature searches and readers can understand it. It should be closely related to the research aim. You should include your name and the date.
This should include the academic and applied background to the work derived from a literature review. The background should orient the reader to the topic of the proposal and convince them that you have thought through the idea and developed a tight and “researchable” problem. It should also move logically from the known to the unknown.
Many times a problem statement will be used to convey the issues and context that gave rise to the study. A problem statement helps the reader anticipate the goals of the study.
• Give enough detail to give an impression of understanding the relevant literature and issues.
• Be very clear as to how the proposed research adds to what is already known.
• Clearly show how the proposed research emerges from the literature.
• Be balanced and objective in the depiction of current knowledge.
• Use blocks of general review material that are not made specific to the research topic.
• Be too technical and long-winded in style.
4. Aims and Objectives:
The research aim should be closely related to the title and clearly derived from the background to the study – the link between the background and the aim of the study should be obvious and logical. It should state clearly what the study is intended to find out. Think of it as a simple description of your work that you would say to a friend or family member. Research objectives are specific issues to be looked at by the work, which are related to the overall aim. Objectives should be related to specific empirical outcomes. One type of research objective is the scientific hypothesis, but in work studying people one cannot always be so specific.
The aims and objectives should be:
• Able to be accomplished by the proposed research.
• Specific and not too general.
• But not too specific to interest anyone.
• Related to the literature review.
A detailed description of how the research will actually be carried out, including details of the method, sampling, data collection and analysis.
Ensure that your methods include an explanation of key details, such as how respondents are to be recruited, what questions will be asked, or how questionnaires will be designed.
For quantitative research, you specify the sampling and statistical tests. For qualitative research, you justify the sampling method and specify the analytical approach.
• Underestimate the effort involved in certain sorts of work and promise too much.
• Fail to explain the effort involved in certain sorts of work.
• Fail to recognise barriers and delays that are outside the researchers’ control.
• Fail to consider obvious ethical problems attached to the work.
6. Ethical issues:
A description of potential ethical issues/problems and a plan to address those issues/problems. Consent forms and Participant information sheets, any permission letters etc. should go in an Appendix.
7. Timetable of Work:
A flowchart of the proposed research is very helpful for others to understand your proposal but also for you to help you plan and maintain progress through the study.
Problems with the timetable usually involve forgetting or underestimating key elements of the work including the time it takes:
• to start up the research;
• to construct a working interview instrument from your research plan;
• to contact and gain the co-operation of any organisations you need to involve in the work;
• to get ethical approval – after you have documented enough details to submit;
• to recruit people to interview;
• to deal with people who refuse or fail to attend for interview;
• to code data and enter it on a computer;
• to check and clean the data.
• Be in a standard Harvard citation format – refer to the Postgraduate Handbook for guidance
• Show that you have not just relied on one type of literature source – sources may include journal articles, books, government and service reports, web material.
• Be relevant to the proposal.
The appendices should include, if applicable, outlines (drafts) of all data collection tools (e.g. survey questionnaires, interview schedules). These will have to be developed before submitting the proposal for university ethics approval but need to contain sufficient information to demonstrate the type and nature of data to be collected.
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