Research Proposal Process

Research Proposal Process


According to the different researches that have been done by several researchers in relation to the documentary food Inc., not even one researcher was able to come up with a research discussing this topic (Weber, 2009). Most of the researchers were either talking about what the government should do so that it could improve on the safety of the food for both the animals and the people. According to the movie food Inc., several safety regulations have been assumed so that the food processing industries can make a quick buck in providing cheap food to their customers (Kenner, Pearce, Schlosser, Robledo, Pohlad, Skoll, Schorr & Magnolia Home Entertainment, 2009). Therefore, this has prompted me to come up with the topic why causes of cheap foods can be expensive to the consumer and the society in the end in order to educate the readers and the customer how this cheap food can be very expensive to them and because I wanted to know, why cheap food is expensive (Mohr, 2011).


There are several set backs that I have undergone to come up with the topic. At first, I was not sure what to talk about because the research is very broad and wide and there are so many issues, which need to be looked at (Booth, Colomb & Williams, 2008). What made me conclude to the topic is:

  • The need to educate people about the various diseases they can get in relation to bad food production process.
  • How can this be expensive to the consumers?
  • The different solutions, which can be used by customers to prevent this from happening to them and their families
  • How the consumers can voice claims to protect themselves from any more harm.
  • The corruption that might be involved in the processing of these foods
  • Finally, to learn on the main causes of why cheap food is expensive

Due to the poor production of these cheap foods, very many consumers have been complaining of very many diseases, which have been affecting them (Segner & Scholthof, 2010). What most of them do not know is that these cheap foods are processed very poorly eventually leading to very many diseases. These diseases range from malnutrition, food borne illness to even chronic diseases (Ogheneovo, 2010) (Thrasher & Crawley, 2009). These diseases depend on the degree by which contamination has taken place. The treatment of these diseases is very expensive and in several cases, they can lead to death if not well prevented. Therefore, I decided to research on this topic because cheap foods can be very expensive (Dursun, 2007).

Due to the expense, which follows the consumption of these cheap foods, consumers have ended spending a lot of money on their treatment than they could have if they ate good healthy meals, which are a bit costly (McClements & Rao, 2011). The foods, which are a bit costly usually, do not undergo these processes therefore, they are not contaminated, and mostly they are well preserved more than the cheap foods (Pimentel, 2002). Despite them being expensive, the chances of getting diseases is very low as compared to the cheap foods, therefore we can say that cheap foods are very expensive to the consumer due to the several diseases they pose.

Another good reason that prompted me to pick this topic was that I wanted find the different solutions to the problem. Since the topic has been barely touched, some of the best solutions rage from the topics of how diseases from contaminated foods can be avoided (O’Neil & Nicklas, 2007). According to the movie food Inc several solutions have been provided to this problem but the question is have they be acted upon by the various related parties so that they can prevent this diseases from happening. Finally, do the consumers know how to protect themselves from the different diseases that might present themselves due to contaminate food (Barton, 2009)? Therefore, I have chosen this topic so that I could develop new to those that might have already been established and the actions that should be taken incase of failure to follow this solutions (O’Neil & Nicklas, 2007).

There are several ways, which consumer can protect themselves against some of these issues and yet most of them are unaware of this protection. There are several consumer protection organizations that are supposed to deal with protecting the consumer against these issues but it is not a surprise to learn that most of these consumers do not know that they exist. Additionally, these consumer protection organizations do not use their power to protect these different consumers. On the other hand, these consumer protection organizations tend to liars with the processing companies hence having conflicts of interest. In the end, the consumer ends up not to being protected (Masten, 2007). Therefore, I have come up with this topic so that I can educate myself and the consumer about the different types of protection they can use in order to reduce the expense of eating cheap foods.

Processing of these foods is a multi-billion dollar sector and very many unscrupulous businesspersons might be tempted to take advantage of this production. Due to this, it might lead to corruption so that they can try to take advantage of every possible means of earning that extra billion dollar (Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics, Kaiser & Lien, 2006). Many people might not be aware that this exists in the food process industry because there are rules and regulations, which govern the production of food, and corruption does not present itself in the open (Pollan, Brick & Books on Tape, Inc., 2007). Additionally, not every body knows how a certain company processes its food and at which point corruption is likely to occur. Therefore, I have decided on this topic because I would like to educate people against corruption and how it can lead them into using a lot of money in the end (Masten, 2007).

Finally, I have come with this topic so that I can be able to learn and educate many others about the causes that might be making these cheap foods to be very expensive ((Magkos, Arvaniti, & Zampelas, 2006). A good number of Americans are usually very poor, in order to satisfy one of their basic needs, that is, food they can only afford to eat this cheap foods (Hardin, Crandall & Stankus, 2011). In conjunction, most of them do not have the power to act against some of these issues or most of them of them are not well conversant with these issues, therefore they end up spending more than what they think they spend. It is due to this that has made me come with this topic so that I can educate this poor American citizen who are illiterate and do not know how to put their powers into practice so that they can protect themselves and eventually their money from this cheap foods in the long run (Cal, Skan, & Callon, 2010).

In relation to the topic there are several reason have prompted me to choose this topic due to the current and available sources that there are to be used in expounding the topic. In doing I have used several truncations so that I could eliminate the different kinds of information which was unreliable. Before I could determine the sources to use there were very many set backs that I had to encounter with. This set backs were:

  • Determining the right source that can answer my topic
  • Determining those sources that are credible sources and those that are not credible

In determining the right source to use in the study I had to use several ways so that I could eliminate those sources that are very irrelevant to the topic. In general any information can be a sources may it be from people, from the web or from the different kind of books. What matters most is whether the source has information in relation to the topic that I am discussing about (Booth, Colomb & Williams, 2008). I had many sources to choose from but not all this sources were ready to be used as a source because of their credibility.

In conjunction to this, to determine the credibility of a source is very important but it can pose a great problem if the source I want to use has all the information I want to use but it is not credible. On the hand, the source can be very credible but it does not have that much information that is needed to support my argument therefore choosing the right sources, which is credible to me, I had to check on several factors. These factors are:

  • The time in which the source was last updated
  • The author of the source that I am going to use
  • Whether a reputable publisher had posted the source
  • Has the source been frequently cited by others

The time in which a source has been last updated is very important in determining whether it can become a reliable source or not (Booth, Colomb & Williams, 2008). Those sources that were lastly updated like two to three years ago are not very credible because they show that the author or the publisher has abandoned them especially for those articles that are in the web. For books, it can be very different because according to the topic the credibility of the books can be those, which were last updated ten years ago. Therefore, there were many sources, which I could use to support my topic.

The author of the matters very much when it comes to credibility because authors social network like face book and twitter are not credible especially like in my topic because they base their information on hearsay. Therefore, authors must be professionals have done a very in depth study of the subject and have several evidence to prove their work. Additionally, the publisher of the source should be a very reputable publisher like from the university press (Bronner, Cassis & Université Pierre Mendès France, 2005). Lastly, has the source been frequently cited by others, is another way of determining its credibility. If other has frequently cited it, it means that it is very credible. Therefore, when I was deciding which source to use and which one not use in accordance with my topic, I had to follow the above to decide whether the topic had a lot of credible source (Hardin, Crandall & Stankus, 2011).

The scope of my database/resources varied from various categories in relation to where they are from to the form in which they are. There are several categories, which can be used to determine what kind of source I have used. The different categories, which have been used to determine these sources, are:

  • Primary sources
  • Secondary sources
  • Tertiary sources

Primary sources are those sources, which are derived from the raw material (Booth, Colomb & Williams, 2008). In this topic food Inc is one of the primary sources because, based on the evidence it has provided it is very clear that American end up using a lot of money in the end due to the production of these cheap diseases. Additionally, food Inc has been the bases of my research because of the different unanswered gaps that are there (Coppock & Jacobsen, 2009). One of the major gaps that food Inc has left out is the amount of money people eventually end up using due to eating this processed foods. Therefore, this has been a basis to my topic, which is why causes of cheap foods can be expensive to the consumer and the society in the end (Al-Attabi, D’Arcy & Deeth, 2009).

Secondary sources are those sources that are usually derived from primary data to solve the different problems that are written for the audience to view (Booth, Colomb & Williams, 2008). However, it is worth noting that secondary sources are only meant for professional audience. In the course of my research, several secondary sources have been helpful to me to come up with the topic because it has helped me to identify the topic, which has not been discussed or has not been fully exhausted by the researchers (Hess, 2001). Therefore, secondary resources can other researches that researchers have done. Therefore, secondary sources have been a great help to me because they have enabled me to develop a good research topic, which I want to educate others and myself about the various problem that might be associated.

Tertiary sources are those sources which written as a report to the general readers so that they can easily understand the problems (Mann, Ashton, Orsquo, Connell, Sinclair & Kelly, 2006). They range from articles, textbooks, journals and other mass-publications, which are meant for the general readers. When I was using these resources, I had to be careful because, not all the sources in the level are credible (Bellisle, 2004). Many of the researchers who writes this sources over simplify facts leading to the sources becoming outdated quickly therefore, when I was deciding about what sources to use here I was very careful not to use outdated/incredible source. However, there were many sources, which were credible to use therefore, it has prompted to my formulating of the topic (Kristiansen, 2006).

After I had done all this, I had to use transaction to filter the important information to my topic. I had to start reading the different sources and get the required information to support my topic. I did this by the use of taking notes and recording the kind of information that I might have needed in the different resources that were available. Additionally, there was also the breaking down of my research into sub headings to reduce the workload due to the bulky information available and to make my search easier. In addition, these sub headings they have me in searching for relevant information in the web and the library.

However, my topic is broad since no other researcher has done it before but I have used several tactics to make to be narrow by the use of selective method to filter the most important and what is not important and not important (Coppock & Jacobsen, 2009). Due to this several assumptions has been taken into account like the project has assumed that their might be companies not shown in the documentary food Inc which follow the correct procedures and they still sell this cheap foods (Frieders, 2001).

Additionally, at some the topic had almost digressed to a different topic. The topic that I digressed to was the diseases that are caused by contamination of these cheap foods (Kratz, 2009). This is because what make the cheap foods become expensive are the many diseases that are usually involved after its consumption (Capanoglu, Beekwilder, Boyacioglu, & Hall, 2010). I had started researching deeply about the various diseases, in relation to how they caused and how they can be prevented as opposed to my research where I had to show why these diseases are becoming costly and eventually making cheap foods to become expensive in the end to both the consumer and the society (Rees, 2010).

In conjunction to this, I had to formulate many different queries to come up with the solution to the topic. The first question was on how cheap foods are produced in relation to the documentary food Inc? This was to show the amount of contamination, which was in this food leading to the next query of, what diseases are they likely to attract (Cal; Skan & Callon, 2010). This was to show the various diseases that are likely to be experienced in the consumption of these foods. Finally, the query, how much money does one use in treating these diseases (Stern, 2010). The last query was to connecting the all the other questions with my topic proving that the research topic that I had used had a lot of information and that I had not digressed from the main topic (Hess, 2010).


According to the research topic in relation to the different difficulties/pressures I had to go through I came up with several conclusions. One is that everybody has to be careful in choosing the best research question because there are chances of lacking information or digressing from the topic. Secondly, it is better to check for the information first before concluding on the topic to research about. Finally, it is better to study and know how to choose the sources in relation to their credibility. With this information coming with a good research topic will not be a problem.



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