Early Age European/American Schooling Systems Vs Japanese Schooling Systems
There are many differences between European/American and Japanese schooling. First, the age of admission of children in Japanese schools usually is six years whereas for the European/American schools it ranges from four to six years. The number of school days that children attend in Japan is generally 175 schooldays unlike their counterparts who have fewer school days that are usually 160 and more holidays. In the Japanese setting, children have short holidays that are usually five weeks long unlike their counterparts who have a three months summer holiday . The time spent by European and American children on holiday, is spent on classes by Japanese children thus, they have more time to learn. Children in the American and European schools can choose what language they want to learn, but in the Japanese system, English is compulsory.
In Japan, preschools start their classes at 8:30am to 3:20 in the afternoon. Moreover, they have after school activities that include singing hymns, playing, painting, coloring, and doing homework. Otherwise, in the American and European setting, children start their classes at 9:00 in the morning and end at 3:00 in the afternoon. However, there are no after school activities. Japanese children have fixed classes allocated to them so they stay in one classroom for all their subjects. In addition, American and European children have different classrooms for different subjects; usually, they are the ones who change the classes instead of the teachers. In American and European schooling system, the number of children in each class varies from fifteen to twenty children unlike their counterparts who have thirty-forty depending on the size of the school.
In Japanese schools, children are supposed to wear uniforms and keep their hairstyle short and neat. Nevertheless, in the American and European setting, children are given freedom to wear any outfits, keep any hairstyle and makeup is part of their outfits. The difference in behavior is still a major difference in both the societies because in the Japanese situation, children are selfish, smart, competitive, respectful and bow to their teachers as they walk into the classes, unlike there counterparts who have bad attitude towards themselves and disrespectful to their teachers.
American and European schools have only four subjects to learn from mainly English, Social science, and Mathematics, unlike their counterparts who have more subjects such as social studies, arithmetic, science, life and environmental studies, music, arts and handicrafts, homemaking, and physical education. Moreover, kids in Japan have two to three hours of homework everyday compared to maybe one hour for American and European. Children Books, notebooks, jackets, bags, and P.E kits are kept in classrooms in Japanese schools whereas in American and European schools, they have lockers in the hallway, where children leave their possessions. In between classes, children pass by their lockers and take their next lesson books while going to their respective classes.
In Japanese schools, the management has put in place time in the morning for the children to have morning exercises and prayers in order to boost physical and religious beliefs on the curriculum. In the end, Japanese schools have a broad curriculum hence their children get more quality education early hence they perform better than European and American schools.
GeorgiaGirl123. “Differences in Japanese and U.S. Schools.” oppapers.com, 12 Dec.2007. Web. 28 Feb 2011.
Hoffman, Diane. “Individualism and Individuality in American and Japanese Early Education: a Review and Critique.” American Journal of Education. 108 (2000): 300-317. Print.
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