answer each questions in bullet format
IV. PRESENTING METHODS AND METHODOLOGY
Strategy and Design
What is the strategy?- cut and paste from objectives
Design strategy and describe Resources:
Identify factors (human and non-human) that are required to properly complete the project- human caregivers, program directors, aids
Indicate the availability of the resources.
Identify factors that may hinder the accomplishment of each objective.
Propose strategies to overcome any anticipated constraints.
2. Sample and Sampling
How big will the proposed sample be, and why? Minimum of 30
What will be its composition, and why? Any caregiver
How will the sample be selected – How does the sampling strategy fit with the overall logic of the research? By choice and facility / location
3. Data Collection
Survey- we developed
What is the instrument? How, where, when and by whom was it developed
How has it been used in previous research?
What is known of its psychometric characteristics, especially its reliability and validity.
For both interviews and observations: What data collection processes will be followed?
What steps will be taken to maximize the quality of the data?- anonymous, amount of return
4. Data Analysis III. METHODS & SPECIFIC TECHNIQUES AND TOOLS USED IN THIS PROJECT
A method section contains information at a very specific level.
Qualitative methods: comparative case study designs, in-depth interviewing, extreme case sampling, and open, axial and selective coding.
Quantitative methods: Like scaling in a survey questionnaire, different types of probability sampling such as random sampling, stratified random sampling or cluster sampling, correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis.
Paradigm-driven approach – articulate it and develop research questions and methods.
Pragmatic-driven approach – begin with research questions that need answers and then choose methods for answering them.
IV. PRESENTING METHODS AND METHODOLOGY
Four main methods for any piece of research
Strategy and design
Sample and sampling
1. Strategy and Design
What is the design of the study?
Qualitative – case study, qualitative survey, ethnography, phenomenology, grounded theory
Quantitative – experimental, quasi-experimental, correlational survey
Mixed methods – how the two types of data will be combined -concurrent or sequential
How will data be prepared for statistical analysis?-google forms or survey monkey
What statistical techniques will be used to analyze the data?
What computer programs will be used?
Proposed Questionnaire to informal/ family caregivers for people with a diagnosis of dementia:
Background on caregiver:
Age: (categories or fill in?)
Relationship to person with dementia:
Length of time cared:
Education provided by: choices or fill in?
Background of person with dementia:
Safety guidance? (leaving stove on, not locking doors, wandering)
Physical care provided?
Barriers to caregiving:
On a scale of 1 to 10 how affected were you by these variables?
Reason for caregiving:
Added on 13.09.2016 12:40
The aim of this project is to determine the various and most prominent barriers family caregivers face which hinder their ability to provide adequate care and safety in order to allow people with dementia to remain in their homes and community.
This project will utilize a survey/ questionnaire to gain information from family members who have institutionalized their loved ones with dementia and gain insight into the reasons they felt institutionalization was necessary.
If the barriers to keeping people with dementia at home safely with family caregivers can be identified a group protocol can be established to provide occupational therapy to family caregivers and the dementia patients receiving the care to help caregivers reduce and cope with barriers they face when caring for their family member with dementia, educate the caregiver on ways to provide adequate and safe care to their family member, and provide resources for family members to utilize.
This research project will utilize a survey to determine directly from familial caregivers what barriers they faced trying to have their loved ones with dementia remain in the home and community. The survey will be emailed through google survey to various family members gathered through the PACE program and left at nurses stations where they can be easily handed out and answered during family visits if the families choose to participate. This information can be used to develop an effective occupational therapy group protocol for caregivers and their loved ones with dementia to facilitate a safer environment for the person with dementia and provide support and education for the family caregiver.
Literature review: the literature on informal/ family caregiving for people with dementia will be read and summarized to understand the current research in this area and identify possible previously identified barriers to family members providing care for their loved ones with dementia.
Develop project plan and submit IRB form: a project plan will be developed and an IRB form will be completed to ensure the project meets all ethics of the institution and the profession.
Develop survey: survey questions will be developed to gain the most comprehensive information to complete the research by identifying barriers family caregivers faced trying to keep their loved ones home.
Contact PACE director: explain the research proposed and the shared interest of keeping patients in the communities and their homes as long as safely possible. Ask for lists of families who may be willing to complete the survey and participate in the research.
Send survey: the survey will be sent out to families via google survey with an institutionalized family member secondary to dementia enrolled in the PACE program. The survey will also be kept as a paper copy with the nurses/ CNAs to offer to previous family caregivers as they return to visit their loved ones with dementia.
Compile and examine?? data: data will be compiled by google survey and examined??? For commonalities between barriers faced by family caregivers.
Group protocol developed: an occupational therapy group protocol will be developed for caregivers and their loved ones with dementia addressing the main barriers found via the research survey.
The project and research will provide an occupational group protocol with the potential to increase quality of life for family caregivers by providing a program in the form of an occupational therapy group protocol to help decrease stress associated with being the main caregiver for a family member with dementia and will also increase quality of life for the person with dementia by allowing them to remain safely in their homes, community, and individual routines and environment longer with a competent caregiver. The College mission includes promoting a more just society and the Occupational Therapy department mission includes occupational justice; this project will works towards both a more just society as well as occupational justice for both the caregivers by helping them maintain efficiency and resources to continue participating in the various occupations of daily life but also by allowing these people with dementia to continue to participate in their daily occupations in the context and environment they are most familiar with, possibly helping to maintain a current level of function and slow the decline associate with a diagnosis of dementia. This project will also help occupational therapy move toward preventative care and help the movement of aging in place by helping caregivers and people with dementia before there is a need for institutionalization and occupational therapy during the potential stays.
Hierarchy of Concept
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