Contrary to what some may believe, the population of a place does not determine its food production. Hunger is caused by poverty, inequality and lack of access to food and land. Though there has been an increase in the production of food, many poor people find it hard to buy the available food. Biotechnology is not the answer to the problem. If people are given equal opportunities to farm and produce food, the problem of hunger can be solved. Researchers and scientists have not conclusively established the safety of the genetically modified organisms and most companies, which are advocating for the use of these foods, only want to make a profit.
- Is there a relationship between food production and human population?
There has been no conclusive evidence to show that densely populated regions are more prone to hunger. For every densely populated country that is experiencing food shortage situation, there is another sparsely populated country that has the same problem.
- What are the causes of hunger?
The world produces more food today than it has in a long time. Lack of resources causes many people to go hungry. Inequality, lack of land and poverty are some of the causes of hunger.
- What is the solution to the problem?
If the people in hunger stricken areas were given suitable land for farming, the problem would not arise.
- Is the biotechnology industry sincere in ending the hunger problem?
Most of the biotechnology industries are driven by the need to make a quick profit.
Genetically engineered foods are not free from risks since they can act themselves as allergens or toxins. They alter the metabolism of the plants and animals that produce food leading them to produce new allergens. The genetically modified foods also lose the nutritional quality or value. Important nutrients are removed in an aim of making crops resistant to pesticides. People are consuming genetically modified foods without their knowledge because these foods are not labeled. It is not easy to now where these foods come from because the companies making them cannot be traced. Not all scientists are in agreement concerning the transgenic crops. They tend to create uniformity, which is not good for the crops or the environment. Single crop varieties are susceptible to pathogens and pests. Enough funds should be devoted to test the effects of monoculture, particularly where transgenic crops are used.
- What are the effects of eating genetically engineered foods?
Genetically engineered foods do not have the same nutritional value as the foods grown organically or those that are non-engineered. The foods also act themselves toxic and alter the metabolism of plants and animals causing them to produce new allergens.
- Why is it not easy to distinguish between genetically engineered foods and those that are not modified?
The foods manufactured genetically are not labeled and so consumers eat them without knowing.
- Why are some groups in the government opposed to the idea of using genetically modified foods?
Some scientists have noted that the use of transgenic crops create genetic uniformity. Variety is needed to avoid vulnerability to pathogens and pests and to avoid environmental risks.
- What is the major disadvantage of monoculture?
Monoculture discourages biodiversity, which causes social and environmental problems.
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