Learner’s Log Book (LLB)

Learner Log Book







The purpose of the Learner’s Log Book (LLB) is to document the achievements of the learner in a central repository that will be considered as evidence on the effectiveness of the learning process. It is a ‘monitoring tool’ that e-tutors use to report on individual learners’ progress and it is a way of ensuring that learners:

  • Are engaged in their learning process.
  • They are experimenting by doing the tasks subscribed to them by the e-tutor.
  • Avoid plagiarism because learners have to be engaged on a continuous basis and the informal assessment can therefore be used to ensure consistency with the main formal assessment.
  • Provide e-Tutors with the opportunity to get to know the learners evaluate them and mentor them properly.
  • There are templates, which will reflect whether learners read, whether they understand, whether they assimilate the knowledge, whether they develop enquiry ability, whether they have the potential to conduct critical thinking and whether they can reflect on the knowledge accumulated by relating to real situations.


The onus is mainly on learners to furnish the required information in the templates after each unit based on the Read and Analyze Activity. After filling the information in the template, they need to e-mail it back to the e-Tutor.


e-Tutor will then comments on the work done and the involvement that takes place and give overall impressions on the learners at the end of the module.







Learner Name:

ID Number:

Course Title:

Article Title:

Date of Submission: ———————————————————

Date of Received Feedback: ————————————————


III. SUMMARY (100-200 words)


Provide a summary in your own words on the article you requested to read and analyze in the following space.

It is said that most of the information is passed on non-verbally. If one does not pay attention to the body language or decipher it, one will end up missing out a lot on the total information conveyed. Body language varies from culture to culture. Certain postures or actions could be deemed normal in some parts of the world, but when the same is done elsewhere, it could be offensive. Non-verbal communication could be either voluntary or involuntary. This means that the conveyor of the message is either aware of the body language he is conveying but sometimes he is not aware of what he is communicating.

Body language is learnt by different professionals to enable them be efficient in their professions. School counselors try to analyze their subject’s body postures and movements in order to come up with conclusive reports on the state of the students. Psychiatrists study the body movements of their subjects and obtain better information on the patient’s character, emotions, and the people around them. Anthropologists have studied the body movements of people and realized that there are differences in the body movements of Englishmen, black Americans and white.




Identify the key learning points in the read and analyze assigned activity.


Body Language Key Points

  • Through sight, one gathers more information from a simple conversation than from hearing.
  • Most of what is seen tends to confirm the information being conveyed. Unless there is feigning involved.
  • Questions should arise whenever the verbal information and the non-verbal information conveyed does not match. It means the speaker is not being truthful.
  • An isolated gesture should not lead to a conclusion on the message conveyed. A cluster of these gestures helps come up with a more solid conclusion.
  • A message is substantially reinforced when the non-verbal information conveyed complements it.
  • In a normal communication, most of the information is conveyed through non-verbal means.






While you reading, identify the relevant statements to the session and insert them in order in the following space.

“In our own time, when most of us are increasingly attuned to the psychological and sociological overtones of human behavior, considerations of non-verbal communication or body language become more significant.” Currently, people have become more aware of the non-verbal body language and are relying on it to make out the information being passed.

“Recent studies on the subject, with which this article is primarily concerned, are important not only because of their inherent interest but also because they provide a practical means as to why people behave as they do.” Studying body language could help a great deal in comprehending the different gestures and postures people put across while passing information across.

“Communication research is the offspring of five different disciplines: psychology, psychiatry, anthropology, sociology, and ethology.” The research of communication cannot be pinned down to a particular profession but cuts across several professions.

“Non-verbal communication is the basic primitive form of conveying information from one person to another. It has been estimated that in a normal communication between two people, only one third of the meaning is communicated in a verbal level and nearly two thirds on a non-verbal level.” Gestures and body postures are the origins of communication. More information is passed through non- verbal beans than through verbal means.

“The body speaks through gestures that can be fitted together so that a complete picture evolves. This picture gives the interviewer keys to the attitudes and feelings of those being observed.” “Gestures are grouped into several clusters that indicate various dispositions and sentiments.” A group of gestures are clustered together to come up with a clearer picture on what is being conveyed.

“Posture is a mode of expression in social exchange. Postural set communicates meaning. It is learnt and significant in social interaction.” In order to decipher the meaning of the postures exhibited, one ought to learn the posture is a mode of expression.

“Many facial expressions are universal because all human beings share the same neural programming that links facial muscles with particular emotions.” Unlike gesture and body postures, facial expressions are constant worldwide and the same message can be conveyed worldwide.

“Under extreme stress, human beings result to non-verbal signals such as screaming or crying with accompanying facial expressions.”

“The distance between an interviewer and a client is decreasing linear function of the degree of liking the interviewer.” Space can be used to show the relationship between the interviewer and the interviewee.

“Body language also involves a science called proxemics, which is space. This describes human being’s personal space and how it is used.” Space could also be used as a non-verbal form of conveying information.

“Although people have personal space, the amount of space or distance is influenced by sex.” Gender plays a role for the space that a person requires.

“Culture is guiding factor to body language.” Different cultures use different forms of body language to convey the same information.






This is the most important section in your analysis. To complete it sucessfully, the learner is to consider the following guiding steps:

  • Present arguments coherently, supported by evidence and facts to substantiate on why you may take a particular stance and/ or position towards a particular approach whether against or in support of it;
  • Capable of bridging the gap between the theory and conceptual work with the application under consideration.

The two documents argue that one can be able to decipher the message being conveyed by just observing the information conveyed through non-verbal means. This includes body movements and postures.

The stance of crossing ones arms across the chest is a body language signal that is used commonly throughout the world. The stance can convey different information depending on the prevailing context or the situation. The stance could indicate that there is a personal barrier between them. It could also mean that the person is feeling cold, which the rubbing of hands could complement this notion. It could also mean that the person is in deep thought if it is in context with the surrounding conditions. The same gesture could mean that the person is expressing opposition and hostility. This could be complemented by putting up a stern face.

Eye contact can be used to convey a myriad of information depending on how it is portrayed. Consistent eye contact could mean that the subject is deeply absorbed into the matter at hand or paying attention. It could also imply that one has doubts on what is happening and cannot afford to take their eyes off. Lack of eye contact can indicate lack of interest, the person is in deep thought especially if one is staring up and it can mean negativity. The above implications can be confused for a person with anxiety disorders, as they tend to be shy. Eye contact can be contradictory as cultural meaning vary from culture to culture. In some cultures, it is impolite make eye contact with certain members of the society while in some, it is a sign that one is paying attention.

Touching the ears, gazing in a particular direction or scratching the chin could indicate that one is not content with the facts. This means that one will tend to gaze away and the attention paid is not consistent. It can be seen that because of cultural differences, it is possible for one to end up more confused on the message being conveyed when only relying on the information conveyed through non-verbal means.





 How could you apply the subject matter from the article in a real business case?

When making international deals, it is prudent to learn the client’s culture and the meaning of some gestures. This could help a great deal in minimizing misunderstandings and prevent them from feeling insulted when not intended. This is because some postures and body movements are normal in some cultures but are considered an insult in others. A typical example is a western businessperson dealing with an Asian. The western businessperson could not signify that he or she is in agreement with the business deal. This could mean the total opposite to the Asian as this would mean that he or she disagrees with the matter.

A job interview is one of the most important meetings in a person’s career. Although it lasts for less than an hour, huge amounts of information are passed on most of which are non-verbal. With the understanding of body language, one is able to convey all the right information and convince that he or she is the right person for the job. One is aware of all the gestures and postures to avoid, which could make him miss the offer. This could include exhibiting body postures and movements that show one is not relaxed or over relaxed, being fidgety, lack of eye contact and seemingly zoned out. This could cost one the offer.





What have you learnt? Critical thinking is about lessons learnt to be drawn from the analysis.

Through observing the information that is conveyed through no-verbal means, one is able acquire more information than when relying only on what is communicated through speech. The body movements, postures, and gestures ought to complement the information that is being conveyed verbally. Whenever the body movements, postures, and gestures do not complement the information that is being conveyed verbally, one should put up question marks. It mainly shows that the person is not being real but is feigning.

One ought to use a cluster of the gesture in order to construe the message that is being conveyed non-verbally. When one depends on a single gesture, one could end up misunderstanding or getting the wrong information conveyed. When both the message conveyed non-verbally and the one that is verbal end up complementing each other, then the communication is done with more clarity and precision.






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