The Impact of General Aviation
General Aviation (GA) is useful in air transportation industry. General Aviation is characterized with planes, pilots and airports serving the aviation segment. General Aviation contributes significantly to the aviation industry although difficult to quantity; it has challenges with reporting due to inadequate reporting regulations. This makes very complex to monitor the routes of the planes in the General Aviation. Other segments of the air transportation industry have stringent reporting regulations.
GA is characterized with all operations of the civil aviation that do not operate on scheduled routes. In most cases, the non-scheduled air transport is common with hire and remuneration (Wells & Chadbourne, 2003). GA flights comprise of corporate flights, helicopters, balloons, dirigibles, gliders and powered parachutes among others, surveys on air transportation supported the fact that most of the air transportation are under GA, with most of the global airports supporting the GA services (General Aviation Manufacturers Association, 2006). GA serves diverse activities that support the economies, the services are in noncommercial flights and in commercial flights. Common flights are supported by flight training, flying clubs, light aircraft manufacturing, agricultural aviation and aircraft maintenance among others (Wells & Chadbourne, 2003).
GA in North America is diversified with the GA industry being supported by more than six thousand, three hundred airports serving the general public. Scheduled flights operate in five hundred and sixty airports. GA flights support customers from different parts of North America as they connect to the scheduled flights (Simpson, 2006). It is estimated that GA supports more than 1% of the GDP (Gross Domestic Product) supporting more than one million professional services (General Aviation Manufacturers Association, 2006). GA also supports manufacturing and maintenance industry.
All the countries across the globe have regulations that oversee the operations of scheduled flights and the operations of GA (Wells & Chadbourne, 2003). The civil aviation industry must adhere to ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) standardized codes. In the United States, the civil aviation is regulated by the FAA (Federal Aviation Administration). In the United Kingdom, civil aviation is under CAA (Civil Aviation Authority). In Canada, civil aviation is under LBA (Luftfahrt-Bundesamt) and in Canada; civil aviation is under Transport Canada (Simpson, 2006).
Regulation and safety have been an issue of concern in GA. Statistics on accidents has been inadequate since the GA has no standardized routes. The numbers of accidents among the GA are many compared to the accidents in scheduled routes. Assessing the causes of air accidents is difficult since it involves the experience of the pilots, accident frequency and flight hours among other variables.
GA is a simple concept addressing civilian flying and transport of goods from one area to another. GA addresses weekend visits, delivery of overnight package, medical evacuation, morning sightseeing, aerial application in agriculture and helicopter traffic reports in informing drivers on possible delays in rush hours among other services (Simpson, 2006). GA is similar to the way people make use of automobiles in moving from one region to another region.
GA is efficient, fast and safe supporting families and businesses. Surveys indicate that more than sixty five percent of the GA flights supported local businesses and families with greater flexibility as compared to the scheduled flights (General Aviation Manufacturers Association, 2006). Aircrafts comprising of a quarter a million of registered aircrafts in the United States, more than ninety percent of the aircrafts are GA.
GA contributes significantly to the national and the global economy. In the United States, individual States supports the operations of GA to the growth of the economies of each and every State. United States fleet of GA is flexible in supporting unique services and multitude operations. The contributions of GA to the economy have been overlooked over the years. The experts involved in the economy analysis have mixed GA to other means of transport. Individualized contribution of GA to the economy has been overlooked over the decades.
The fleets involved in GA are diverse, which supports the many reasons supporting the GA industry. GA contributes to the growth of the economies through fulfilling the transportation needs of the target market. The need in specialized air transport according to estimates conducted in 2005 indicated that GA contributed to more than one hundred and fifty United States billion dollars (General Aviation Manufacturers Association, 2006). GA had employed more than one million persons with total earnings exceeding fifty three United States billion dollars. Nonexistence of GA could mean that the huge input into the economy could not have been in place.
The contributions of GA to the economy of the United States are characterized by employment, output in transport services and in generating earnings to the people in the industry. There are a number of direct impacts such as purchases of new aircrafts, maintenance of the existing aircrafts, creation of jobs in other interconnected industries like in electronics, aluminum and rubber among other resources used in the development and manufacture of the aircrafts (Simpson, 2006).
There are direct contributions, indirect contributions and induced contributions of GA to the economy. The contributions of GA to the economy are mainly through output services, wages, salaries and employment opportunities. The contributions of GA support the communities, businesses and individuals throughout the world. The contributions of GA cannot be ignored. The industry is diversifying with globalization and socialization.
General Aviation Manufacturers Association. (2006). General Aviation’s Contribution to The U.S. Economy. Retrieved March 04, 2014, from Gama.aero: http://www.gama.aero/files/ga_contribution_to_us_economy_pdf_498cd04885.pdf
Simpson, R. (2006). General Aviation Handbook: A Guide to Postwar General Aviation Manufacturers and their Aircraft. London: Ian Allan Publishing.
Wells, A. & Chadbourne, B. (2003). General Aviation Marketing and Management. Malabar, FL: Krieger Pub Co.
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